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Mind and Brain

Psychiatric Consultations & Emergencies

It's up to you today to start making healthy choices. Not choices that are just healthy for your body, but healthy for your mind. ― Steve Maraboli, Unapologetically You: Reflections on Life and the Human Experience

A mental disorder, also called a mental illness or psychiatric disorder, is mental or behavioral pattern that causes either suffering or a poor ability to function in ordinary life.Psychiatry is the medical specialty devoted to the study, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental disorders.

Symptoms

  • sadness of mood
  • decreased interest
  • feelings of restlessness
  • increased activity
  • overspending
  • risk taking behaviour
  • irrelevant talk
  • talking to oneself
  • hearing voices
  • excessive cleanliness
  • seizures
  • frequent pain, headache
  • difficulty in maintaining relationships
  • increased consumption of alcohol
  • repetaetive acts,like cleaning , checking
  • fear to be in public placesor corwd
  • aggressive and irritability
  • abnormal behaviour-like eating unwanted things, wandering,illegible talks
  • decresed sleep
  • feelings of hopelessness/worthlessness
  • suicidal ideation
  • crying speels
  • reckless behaviour
  • fear of simple objects
  • frequent chnage in mood
  • memory distrubances
  • laughing to self
  • suspicious behaviour
  • memory disturbance
  • fear of simple objects
  • suicidal ideation
  • suspicious behaviour
  • change in behaviour/personality

Treatments

Psychotherapy

Psychotherapy, sometimes called talk therapy, is a treatment that involves a talking relationship between a therapist and patient. It can be used to treat a broad variety of mental disorders and emotional difficulties. The goal of psychotherapy is to eliminate or control disabling or troubling symptoms so the patient can function better. Depending on the extent of the problem, treatment may take just a few sessions over a week or two or may take many sessions over a period of years. There are many forms of psychotherapy and it can be done individually, with a family, or in a group. Some mental health require limited but ongoing treatment in order to manage chronic conditions.

 

Medications

Medications are used by psychiatrists in much the same way that medications are used to treat high blood pressure or diabetes. After medical and psychological evaluations, psychiatrists can prescribe medications to help treat mental disorders. Psychiatric medications can help correct imbalances in brain chemistry that are thought to be involved in some mental disorders. Psychiatrists often use medications in combination with psychotherapy. Patients on long-term medication treatment will need to meet with their psychiatrist periodically in order to monitor the effects of medications.

 

Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)

Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), a medical treatment that involves applying electrical currents to the brain, is used most often to treat severe depression that has not responded to other treatments,Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation, Biofeedback/Neurofeedback are a few of the newer therapies being used to treat some mental disorders.

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